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Elevated Liver Enzymes Causes

Elevated liver enzymes causes can range over a variety of underlying medical conditions and other situations. Some common causes of elevated liver enzymes are:

Adrenal insufficiency (insufficient hormone levels from the adrenal gland)
Alcohol consumption
Alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency
Autoimmune hepatitis, primary sclerosing cholangitis, primary biliary cirrhosis, or other autoimmune disorders of the liver or bile ducts
Biliary tract obstruction
Celiac disease
Certain infections
Cirrhosis
Crohn's disease
Diabetes mellitus
Disorders of the muscles
Enlarged liver
Fatty liver (hepatic steatosis)
Gallstones
Heart failure
Hemochromatosis, Wilson's disease, or other metabolic liver diseases
High triglycerides
Liver cancer (rarely a sign of elevated liver enzymes)
Liver damage
Liver disorders
Lupus
Medications such as some nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), cholesterol medications, anti-biotics or anti-seizure medicines.
Mononucleosis



Obesity
Pancreatitis
Prolonged circulatory system collapse (shock)
Steatohepatitis and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH)
Thyroid problems
Tumors of the liver, the pancreas or bile ducts
Ulcerative colitis
Using too much of kava kava, comfrey, pennyroyal, skullcap, or particular other herbal supplements
Viral hepatitis (acute viral hepatitis A, B; chronic hepatitis C)

Please bear in mind that this is not a complete list of potential elevated liver enzymes causes. Additionally, having one or more of these medical conditions does not mean that a patient must necessarily have elevated liver enzymes. You can read further about various kinds of liver disease: some might lead to raised enzymes and others may not. Liver function tests are used to determine whether or not the enzymes are increased.

You should talk with your doctor directly regarding treatment options for elevated liver enzymes, as the underlying condition may change which treatments are better or worse for your case. If the suspected cause has been found, it may be useful toward selecting a treatment method to undergo.

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