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Celiac disease

Elevated liver enzymes might also be noticed in a person who has Celiac disease (CD). It is an autoimmune condition. The estimated incidence of this illness in the U.S. varies wildly, with at least one source estimating that almost one out of a hundred people has this condition. On the lower end, it is thought that it could be as infrequent as one out of 1750 people.

Symptoms

In some instances, the patient with Celiac disease does not present any symptoms -- that is, he is asymptomatic. However, there are some symptoms that are characteristic of this illness. Generally, the stools are affected in different ways, such as being light colored, etc. It is possible for weight loss to occur in adults with CD. On the other hand, there may also be weight gain. In children, there can be a lack of normal weight gain.

Other issues can result in a person with Celiac disease. For instance, anemia can result due to a poor absorption of certain nutrients. In the case of other nutrients, poor absorption can lead to bone issues known as osteoporosis and osteopenia. Various other issues are also linked to CD, including primary biliary cirrhosis, type 1 diabetes, and more. Of course, diagnosis of CD is not to be made based on the information on this website -- talk with a medical professional for assistance in that area or other medical advice.



Gliadin, gluten, and wheat

Celiac disease comes due to a response to a glycoprotein known as gliadin. It is found, famously, in wheat, but it can also be ingested by eating other food items within the Triticeae tribe (a term used to describe that classification). For instance, rye and barley are a couple of other items that contain gliadin. Keep in mind, though, that CD is not the same as wheat allergy.

Often, gluten is what is mentioned to avoid for those with Celiac disease. This is because gluten is a composite that contains both gliadin and glutelin.

Treatment

First, the patient needs to be diagnosed. There are various methods that can be used to try to reach a diagnosis. Then, the doctor provides a particular treatment course. At this time, the only known treatment that works is a diet free of gluten over the course of the patient's lifetime. There are other potential methods that are being studied to determine whether they could be useful as well.

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