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Crohn's Disease

Crohn's disease is a medical condition that can result in elevated liver enzymes in the patient. It is, in particular, an inflammatory disease that impacts the person's gastrointestinal tract, potentially at any location from one end (the mouth) to the other (the anus). Another name that this condition sometimes goes by is regional enteritis.

Symptoms

Numerous symptoms can appear in a person who has Crohn's disease. In a number of cases, people wil display symptoms for a matter of years even prior to an official diagnosis. Pain in the abdomen may be the first symptom noticed in a person. In many instances, diarrhea -- possibly bloody but not necessarily -- comes along with this. Weight loss is another symptom that commonly shows up in people with this disease. The condition also often results in fever being noticed in the patient. Vomiting can occur. A couple of the other symptoms that might exist include feeling tired and the appearance of rashes on the person's skin.

Medical causes

As of the time of this writing, the particular medical cause behind Crohn's disease is not known. In spite of this, it is thought various factors contribute to the development of the condition. These include genetics, environmental issues, and more. For instance, there is an association between CARD15 mutation and the disease. Certain dietary factors, including amongst others a higher ratio of omega-6 to omega-3 fatty acids, may be involved. Another possibility is oddities in the person's immune system.



Diagnosis

In some cases, receiving a diagnosis of Crohn's disease can prove to be difficult. Multiple tests may be necessary for the doctor to make such a diagnosis, and even when many tests are used, a diagnosis of the condition might not be strongly established. Colonoscopy is one method that can be employed, and at its 70 percent effectiveness in diagnosis it is more effective than others. Talk with a doctor regarding diagnosis and other information about this condition.

Treatment

Despite the fact that there is presently no known cure for Crohn's disease, it can be managed in different ways. Modifications to the patient's lifestyle present some options in reducing symptoms. In this area, things such as changes in the diet, taking in enough liquids, and stopping smoking might be used as treatment methods. Medication can be used to treat infections that might be present, as well as to lower levels of inflammation. Surgery may be used in certain instances, such as complications of the disease like obstructions.

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