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Thyroid Problems

Thyroid problems occur when the thyroid does not function as it usually would. There can be various issues, but many of them fall into the categories of overactive and underactive function. These can be referred to, respectively, as hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism. Elevated liver enzymes have the potential to be present in either case. In at least the case of hypothyroidism, the AST level can also be decreased. Let's take a look into these two forms of thyroid problems.

Hyperthyroidism

When the thyroid gland produces excessive amounts of hormones, the condition is referred to as hyperthyroidism. There are two such hormones: one is known as T4, and the other as T3. The longer names for these two, in order, are thyroxine and triiodothyronine. It is possible for this condition to exist without any symptoms being present. Yet, if some do appear, one of the possibilities is that the person may have a raised level of sweating. He may have difficulties with sleeping. Exhaustion and weakness in general are possible. The patient's blood sugar levels may become low. Muscle pain might also occur. Losing weight is another issue that may happen.

There are multiple reasons why hyperthyroidism can develop. The most frequent one is known as Graves' disease, in which excessive production of hormones occurs in the whole thyroid. Once the situation has been diagnosed, a doctor might prescribe a specific treatment method for the patient.



Hypothyroidism

This opposite condition can also cause elevated liver enzymes. When a patient has a deficiency of thyroid hormones, different symptoms may show up. As with the other form of thyroid problems mentioned, it is possible that no symptoms will appear. If they do, some of the early stage possibilities inlcude exhaustion and paleness. The person may gain weight. His hair might become coarse. As opposed to where there is increased function, in this situation sweating may be less than it usually would be. In a later stage of the disease, a goiter might develop. The patient, if a woman, might have unusual menstrual cycles. One rare symptom is losing hair. Another that is not common is difficulty with swallowing.

Throughout the world, the most frequent reason behind hypothyroidism is a deficiency of iodine. In people who have sufficient levels of that, the most common medical cause is Hashimoto's thyroiditis. Blood testing is done to check for the levels of thyroid hormones, to determine whether or not to make a diagnosis of hypothyroidism. Various options for treatment are available. Talk with a doctor about your own case to see what would be professionally recommended in your situation.

You can return to the home page to read more about elevated liver enzymes, or go directly to other medical causes of them.

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